Drinking Water Criteria Document for Nickel (Final Draft)

The Office of Drinking Water (ODW), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has prepared a Drinking Water Criteria Document on nickel. The Criteria Document is an extensive review of the following topics: Physical and chemical properties of nickel, toxicokinetics and human exposure to nickel, health effects of nickel in humans and animals, mechanisms of toxicity of nickel, and quantification of toxicological effects of nickel.


Hansen, B., M. Neal, AND C. Mullin. Drinking Water Criteria Document for Nickel (Final Draft). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/X-84/193-1 (NTIS PB86117801).